Websites

A Brief History

By definition, a web site is a collection of web pages, usually linked to each other, that are made available on the Internet by an organization or individual.

We can group websites together as follows:

Informational sites: These sites provide information about a particular subject or organization. These are the most common Web sites on the Internet and often take on aspects of the other site categories over time.

Transactional sites: This type of site can be used to conduct some transaction or task. E-commerce sites fall into this category.

Community sites: These provide information or transaction-related facilities, but focus on the interaction between the visitors of the website. Community-based websites tend to focus on a particular topic or type of person and encourage interaction between like-minded individuals. Entertainment sites: These websites are for game playing or some form of amusing interaction, which may include transactional, community, and informational elements. Other sites: Included here are artistic or experimental websites, personal Web space such as Web logs (also called blogs), and web sites that may not follow common Web conventions or have a well-defined economic purpose.

We might also group sites based upon the organization that is running, or in some sense anything for, the site. Within this type of categorization we see five major groupings:

Commercial (usually uses the extension .com): A web site in this group is built and run by an organization or individual for commercial gain, either directly through e-commerce or indirectly through promotion for some off-line purchase of goods or services.

Government (usually uses the extension .gov): This web site's parent entity is ultimately a government organization, and the purpose of the site is to satisfy some social or legal need.

Education (usually uses the extension .edu): This type of web sites' parent entity is some educational institution and it is used to support learning or search goals.

Charitable: A charitable web site exists to promote the goals of a nonprofit organization or the charitable activities of an individual or organization.

Personal: This web site exists at the sole discretion of some person or group for any number of reasons, usually as a creative outlet or form of personal expression.

The Basics of Web Hosting

I guess I should start with the domain name because that's the first step. Each web site has a unique domain name, i.e., www. yourcompanyname.com. This web site's domain name is KeysWebSiteDesign.com. (domain names are not case-sensitive) The domain name must be registered. Some web design and/or web hosting companies charge an annual fee for the use of the domain name. But today, more and more larger web hosting companies are waiving that fee as an incentive to use them as your web host.

Web designers and developers write the code in files and upload them to web servers. The web server is just a computer running a piece of software (like IBM Websphere or Apache Tomcat) that fulfills HTTP requests made by browsers (like Microsoft Internet Explorer or Chrome).
Businesses can either have this application on their computer which would be their web server and maintain it in-house, or they have another company do it for them. That company would be called a web hosting company. Web hosting companies have the responsibility of the maintenance of the web server. You don't have to invest the money or endure technical headaches in order to build and maintain your hosting infrastructure. They monitor the network and protect your data for a monthly fee.

Today, web hosting is done by major corporations for a minimal monthly cost usually priced by the amount of disk space you use for your web site. Microsoft, Yahoo, and other major corporations are servicing businesses and individuals with web hosting.

Well, that's the basics!
Keys Website Design     Gail Culver     5409 Overseas Highway #207     Marathon, FL 33050     305.393.4131     gail@keyswebsitedesign.com